Steel is one of the most common materials used worldwide in construction. Known for its versatility and extremely high tensile strength and value, steel is widely used in residential construction and skyscrapers buildings. There are several different kinds of steel used in steel building construction in the USA.
Steel is a vital material in all kinds of construction. Let us look at three different types of steel available in the industry.
It is a type of metal used to make construction materials. It is categorized into shapes, each with its own compositional properties, making them ideal for specific uses in construction. There are many structural steel shapes:
Parallel Flange Channels: These beams are U-shaped with right-angled corners. They come in many several sizes. However, the two sides of these channels are always the same length and are parallel to each other.
Tapered Flange Beams: Taper flange beams are I-shaped sections and are also available in various sizes. In construction, flange beams are often used for cross-sections of girders. While they have quite high resistance ratios, they are not usually recommended as they are not torsion-resistant.
Universal beams: Also known as I-beams or H-beams, universal beams are shaped like their namesake: an ‘I’ when standing upright and an ‘H’ on their side. These beams are made of structural steel and are used in construction, civil engineering, and other industries.
Carbon steel is steel containing between 0.12% and 2.0% carbon, whihc is the main interstitial alloying constituent. Carbon is used as a hardening agent in steel-making where the greater the level of carbon, the stronger the steel is through heat treating. Therefore, the higher the carbon levels, the lower the melting point in carbon steel.
Mild steel is the most common form of steel known today. Due to its versatility and low price across several applications, they are used worldwide. In addition, mild steel contains only a tiny percentage of carbon, making it malleable and ductile. As a result, it is often used when large quantities of steel are required.
Rebar steel is shorthand for reinforcing steel, which is commonly used as a tensioning device to strengthen concrete and other masonry structures as structural reinforcement. This type of steel is usually carbon steel with ridges that ‘grip’ onto the concrete.
If you need quality steel fabricated to suit your unique needs, contact Iron Span USA today. Our team of expert structural steel fabricators has the experience and knowledge to answer any of your queries and will ensure that you find the best solution to suit your needs.